Review Articles

Application of neural network to model rainfall pattern of Ethiopia

Gemechu Abdisa Atomsa ,

School of Statistics, East China Normal University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China

Yingchun Zhou

KLATASDS-MOE, School of Statistics, East China Normal University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China

yczhou@stat.ecnu.edu.cn

Pages | Received 16 Feb. 2022, Accepted 02 Oct. 2022, Published online: 31 Oct. 2022,
  • Abstract
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In this paper, we have constructed Artificial Neural Network models which could capture rainfall pattern of Ethiopia. The data was collected from 147 stations across Ethiopia. Seven homogenized rainfall stations have been created based on both local and global patterns of datasets. Back-of-Word algorithm was used for extracting patterns of the datasets. K-means algorithm was used for clustering purpose. Each of the data of homogenized regions was interpolated using a spatial average. Two time series models, ARMA and Facebook's Prophet, have been fitted for each of spatial averages as baseline models. Both have been shown to perform weak for generalization purpose as spatially averaged datasets lose their strong seasonal pattern. On the other hand, the proposed Long Short Term Memory (LSTM) was found to be the best fitted model in comparison to the baseline models. The hyperparameters of the LSTM have been tuned to get optimal parameters. Besides, the RMSE of the baseline model was used as a benchmark for tuning the LSTM used.

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To cite this article: Gemechu Abdisa Atomsa & Yingchun Zhou (2022): Application of neural network to model rainfall pattern of Ethiopia, Statistical Theory and Related Fields, DOI: 10.1080/24754269.2022.2136266 To link to this article: https://doi.org/10.1080/24754269.2022.2136266