Review Articles

Development of a first order integrated moving average model corrupted with a Markov modulated convex combination of autoregressive moving average errors

S. A. Komolafe ,

Department of Mathematics, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria

T. O. Obilade ,

Department of Mathematics, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria

I. O. Ayodeji ,

Department of Mathematics, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria

A. R. Babalola

Department of Mathematics, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria

Pages 48-58 | Received 30 Jan. 2018, Accepted 20 Mar. 2019, Published online: 10 Apr. 2019,
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With a view to providing a tool to accurately model time series processes which may be corrupted with errors such as measurement, round-off and data aggregation, this study developed an integrated moving average (IMA) model with a transition matrix for the errors resulting in a convex combination of two ARMA errors. Datasets on interest rates in the United States and Nigeria were used to demonstrate the application of the formulated model. Basic tools such as the autocovariance function, maximum likelihood method, Newton–Raphson iterative method and Kolmogorov–Smirnov test statistic were employed to examine and fit the formulated specification to data. Test results showed that the proposed model provided a generalisation and a more flexible specification than the existing models of AR error and ARMA error in fitting time series processes in the presence of errors.


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