a Department of Mathematics and Physics, Huaiyin Institute of Technology, Huaian, People's Republic of China
b Department of Mathematics, Shanghai Normal University, Shanghai People's Republic of China
The main purpose of this paper is to investigate D-optimal population designs in multi-response linear mixed models for longitudinal data. Observations of each response variable within subjects are assumed to have a first-order autoregressive structure, possibly with observation error. The equivalence theorems are provided to characterise the D-optimal population designs for the estimation of fixed effects in the model. The semi-Bayesian D-optimal design which is robust against the serial correlation coefficient is also considered. Simulation studies show that the correlation between multi-response variables has tiny effects on the optimal design, while the experimental costs are important factors in the optimal designs.