Remote sensing and GIS based analysis of urban ecological network in Pudong New Area, Shanghai
2015, 2015 (1):
Grassland, forest land and wetland are ecological habitats and elements of the basic urban ecological network of Pudong New Area in Shanghai. Due to the rapid growth in population and economy, the builtup area of Pudong New Area expands quickly, which result in the ecological habitats area decrease and fragmentation. The immediate consequences are the lowering of its ecological function and connectivity of the ecological networks. Using high resolution images from satellite FW2 acquired in 2011 and in combination with the ground investigations, we obtain the land use and land cover data of grass lands, forests land and wetlands by applying objectoriented remote sensing classification method and visualpostprocessing method. Supported by GIS techniques, we useseveral quantitative analysis algorithms, including Multilevel Weights, LeastCost Path and Gravity Model, to quantify the structure ofthe ecological network. The results show that: (1) the total area of grass lands, forest landsand wetlands in Pudong New Area is 179.9×103 hm2 , which is 65.41% of the total area; (2) there are few large patches with strong ecological suitability, and imbalanced along north-south direction; (3)the forest landsare the superior landscape type in the ecological network of the study area and make up 51.39% in the 10meterwidth ecological buffer zone; (4)Jiuduansha Wetland and Nanhui Dongtan Wildlife Sanctuary play important roles in ecological niche; and (5)land use structure changes rabidly with the increase of buffer distance, that is the ecological habitats reduce while building area increases.
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