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    Comprehensive review on green synthesis of bio-based 2,5-furandicarboxylic acid
    Lei ZHAO, Zelin LI, Bolong LI, Shuchang BIAN, Jianhua WANG, Hailan ZHANG, Chen ZHAO
    Journal of East China Normal University(Natural Science)    2023, 2023 (1): 160-169.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-5641.2023.01.016
    Abstract1163)   HTML66)    PDF (1090KB)(638)      

    Bio-based 2,5-furandicarboxylic acid (FDCA) is expected to partially replace petroleum-based terephthalic acid (PTA) for the synthesis of high-performance polymer materials. This review article summarizes the latest achievements on the various synthesis routes of FDCA from 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF), furoic acid, furan, diglycolic acid, hexaric acid, 2,5-dimethylfuran, and 2-methylfuran. In particular, the direct oxidation, heterogeneous thermal catalytic oxidation, photoelectric catalytic oxidation of HMF and furoic acid carboxylation, disproportionation, carbonylation, and other routes to synthesize FDCA are reviewed in detail. Based on the comparative analysis of the advantages and disadvantages of each route, the HMF route and the furoic acid route are considered the most promising candidates for the large-scale production of FDCA. Further exploration and future research should be carried out to improve the catalytic production and separation efficiency of FDCA, simplify the reaction process, and reduce production wastes.

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    Application of Cu-based catalysts in the electroreduction of carbon dioxide
    Jing TANG, Zining ZHANG, Xiang ZHENG
    Journal of East China Normal University(Natural Science)    2023, 2023 (1): 149-159.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-5641.2023.01.015
    Abstract592)   HTML23)    PDF (1081KB)(336)      

    To achieve the national strategy of carbon neutralization, the electroreduction of carbon dioxide into usable reagents via renewable energy has caused widespread concern in the scientific community. Cu-based electrocatalysts can reduce carbon dioxide to high value-added multi carbon products, but the catalytic mechanism still needs to be studied to improve its selectivity and efficiency. Depending on the state of the Cu, Cu-based catalysts can be divided into Cu alloy/composite catalysts, single-atom, oriented crystalline, and oxidized Cu-based catalysts. This paper introduced the common preparation methods, structural characteristics, effect of electro catalytic reduction of carbon dioxide, and possible catalytic mechanism of the four types of Cu-based catalysts mentioned above.

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    Natural products: A bridge between new targets and novel pesticide discovery
    Zhengqi FANG, Shuanhu GAO, Haibing HE
    Journal of East China Normal University(Natural Science)    2023, 2023 (1): 21-30.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-5641.2023.01.003
    Abstract559)   HTML23)    PDF (3235KB)(260)      

    Pesticides are important tools to control crop diseases and pest hazards, guaranteeing the crop harvest. Natural products and their derivatives are major sources of novel pesticides and play indispensable roles in various fields, such as insecticide, fungicide, plant growth regulation, immune regulation and so on. In recent years, numerous fields of biotechnology have made great progress, like genomics, proteomics and structural biology. And thus, the identification of pesticide targets based on natural products and the creation of novel pesticide molecules based on target structures developed rapidly. The concept, rational design, received more attention in pesticide creation. In this article, the discovery of active natural products based on existed targets or novel targets verifying by natural products were demonstrated by several cases, and the subsequent progress in the development of new pesticides were also discussed. The cases explained the important role of natural products in bridging new targets and novel pesticides.

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    Review of zeolite-confined subnanometric cluster catalysts
    Yue MA, Hao XU, Yueming LIU, Kun ZHANG, Peng WU, Mingyuan HE
    Journal of East China Normal University(Natural Science)    2023, 2023 (1): 82-94.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-5641.2022.00.009
    Abstract459)   HTML22)    PDF (5085KB)(236)      

    The design of efficient and stable supported metal catalysts to prevent metal species from sintering into large nanoparticles under harsh preparation and reaction conditions is key for various important processes, including the conversion of C1 resources and dehydrogenation of low carbon alkanes to C2 and C3 olefins. Zeolites with uniform subnano micropores and various three-dimensional crystalline structures have been proven as ideal supports for preparing highly efficient and stable metal catalysts via encapsulating subnanometric metal clusters within their pores, cages, and channels. Interactions between metal clusters and the zeolite skeleton can regulate their geometric and electronic structure. The development of zeolite-confined subnanometric cluster catalysts aims to take advantage of this joint confinement effect and induce synergy between guest metal species and active sites in host zeolite frameworks. This can further improve the catalytic activity of resultant composite catalysts, for applications in multiple catalytic reaction processes . In this review, typical preparation methods of zeolite-confined subnanometric clusters and their catalytic applications in selective hydrogenation of CO2 and alkynes, hydrogen generation by formic acid decomposition and ammonia borane hydrolysis, and propane dehydrogenation to propene are discussed.

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    Progress in synthesis of methyl glyoxylate by selective oxidation of methyl glycolate with molecular oxygen
    Hao WANG, Guofeng ZHAO, Yong LU
    Journal of East China Normal University(Natural Science)    2023, 2023 (1): 104-113.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-5641.2023.01.011
    Abstract400)   HTML7)    PDF (834KB)(198)      

    Methyl glyoxylate is widely used in organic synthesis and chemical production. The application of traditional preparation methods is limited by high cost, low efficiency, and significant environmental pollution. During the coal to ethylene glycol process, methyl glycolate is produced as an intermediate product of the hydrogenation of dimethyl oxalate (DMO) to ethylene glycol. Methyl glycolate can be selectively obtained from DMO via hydrogenation, and therefore, has the potential to serve as raw material for methyl glyoxylate. However, only few studies have considered this process. Herein , the applications, traditional preparation methods, and state-of-the-art research progress of methyl glycolate oxidation are reviewed. Recent research on selective oxidation of related alcohols (such as ethanol) to aldehydes and ketones is also summarized.

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    Research progress on pollution and degradation of plastic waste
    Kaizhen MIAO, Jiaolong MENG, Xuefeng JIANG
    Journal of East China Normal University(Natural Science)    2023, 2023 (1): 170-176.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-5641.2023.01.017
    Abstract394)   HTML25)    PDF (1177KB)(215)      

    Plastics are widely used in daily life owing to their light weight, portability, and affordability. However, post-consumer-waste plastics do not degrade easily in the natural environment, making plastic pollution a new global environmental issue. Thus, exploration in the field of plastic degradation has increased in recent years. To promote the treatment of plastic waste and provide a scientific reference for environmental protection and sustainable development, this study describes the current state of plastic pollution. It also systematically summarizes various research fields of plastic degradation and presents the development prospect of photocatalysis and bio-based plastics in the future.

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    Electrodeposition performance of a copper-based catalyst for the electroreduction of CO2
    Meng’en CHU, Chunjun CHEN, Haihong WU, Mingyuan HE, Buxing HAN
    Journal of East China Normal University(Natural Science)    2023, 2023 (1): 129-139.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-5641.2023.01.013
    Abstract358)   HTML15)    PDF (4857KB)(225)      

    To improve the catalytic performance of copper-based catalysts in the electroreduction of CO2, nitrotriacetic acid (NTA) was used as an additive to prepare copper-based catalysts having a three-dimensional structure by applying electrodeposition. The prepared catalysts exhibited excellent selectivity and activity for the electroreduction of CO2 to multi-carbon (C2+) products. At –1.26 V vs. RHE, the faradaic efficiency of C2H4 and C2+ products over the Cu-0.5/CP electrode reached 44.0% and 61.6%, respectively, and the total current density reached 12.3 mA·cm–2. In addition, Pd- and Zn-based catalysts were prepared by employing electrodeposition; the results showed that their selectivity for CO was significantly improved, proving that NTA has a certain universality in the preparation of electrocatalysts by using electrodeposition.

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    Textual research on Xishuai grass
    Zhuqing HE, Binjie GE
    Journal of East China Normal University(Natural Science)    2023, 2023 (2): 155-160.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-5641.2023.02.016
    Abstract305)   HTML9)    PDF (1942KB)(48)      

    Cricket fighting is a traditional Chinese game that has lasted for more than 1000 years. Before competitions, Xishuai grass (stimulant grass) is commonly used to hit a cricket’s head and antennae to prepare the insects for battle. In “Flora of China” and flora of Chinese provinces, Xishuai grass is referenced as the Chinese common name of Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. In “Flora of Beijing” and “Flora of Hebei”, Xishuai grass is referenced as the Chinese common name of the genus Eleusine. In this paper, however, we demonstrate that Xishuai grass should actually be Digitaria spp. Given the mistakes in the above flora references, this paper aims to clarify the correct classification for future reference.

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    Electrocatalytic coupling of CO2 with organic compounds to value-added chemicals
    Huan WANG, Jiaxing LU
    Journal of East China Normal University(Natural Science)    2023, 2023 (1): 140-148.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-5641.2023.01.014
    Abstract283)   HTML10)    PDF (877KB)(264)      

    The efficient fixation and utilization of CO2 under mild conditions is one of the key components of green carbon science. The electrocatalytic coupling of CO2 and organic compounds can produce value-added chemicals, which is beneficial to sustainable development. In this review, we summarize the current methods of synthesizing carboxylic acids, organic carbonates, carbamates, and other chemicals via electrocatalytic CO2 coupling with organic compounds. We also present the latest research progress and opportunities in this field, such as asymmetric electrocarboxylation to construct chiral molecules, electrochemical ring-opening carboxylation, electrochemical N-methylation, electrocarboxylation with non-sacrificial anodes, and paired electrosynthesis.

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    Synthesis, physicochemical properties, and applications of sulphate ionic liquids
    Man WANG, Lulu DANG, Huixia YUAN, Jing ZHOU, Dawei ZHANG, Guohua GAO
    Journal of East China Normal University(Natural Science)    2023, 2023 (1): 60-72.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-5641.2023.01.007
    Abstract270)   HTML6)    PDF (1032KB)(94)      

    Sulfate ionic liquids, a new type of ionic liquid, are formed by the combination of sulfate anions and organic cations. Sulfate ionic liquids are important because of their unique characteristics, such as a lack of halogen ions, extremely low vapor pressure, high thermal stability, a high viscosity index, low isothermal compressibility, selective solubility, and good biocompatibility. In this paper, the recent progress in sulfate ionic liquids is reviewed, with focus on one-step and two-step synthetic methods. The physicochemical parameters, such as the density, viscosity, refractive index, surface tension, isothermal compression coefficient, and sound conduction, are summarized, and the effects of the physicochemical properties of sulfate ionic liquids, such as the length of the alkyl chains with anionic and cationic groups, are discussed. The sulfate ionic liquids discussed in this review could be used in various fields as new environmentally friendly solvents, extractants, catalysts, lubricating materials, gas absorption materials, and to separate or dope composite materials.

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    Progress in supported Pt-based catalysts for the liquid-phase selective hydrogenation of cinnamaldehyde
    Mengnan LI, Huiyue XIN, Peng WU, Xiaohong LI
    Journal of East China Normal University(Natural Science)    2023, 2023 (1): 114-128.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-5641.2023.01.012
    Abstract269)   HTML11)    PDF (3712KB)(119)      

    The selective hydrogenation of cinnamaldehyde is an important model reaction for investigating the relationship between catalyst structures and regioselectivity. In recent years, researchers have designed and synthesized a series of better-performing, supported Pt-based catalysts for the selective hydrogenation of cinnamaldehyde, based on electronic, synergistic, and geometric effects to improve the selectivity. In this mini-review, we aim to summarize the recent progress in different supported Pt-based catalysts for the selective hydrogenation of cinnamaldehyde and discuss the performance of these supported catalysts to provide ideas for the design of novel better-performing Pt-based catalysts.

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    Catalytic asymmetric synthesis of chiral heterocyclic compounds with CO2 as the C1 synthon
    Zhipeng ZHAO, Ying SUN, Xiaotong GAO, Feng ZHOU
    Journal of East China Normal University(Natural Science)    2023, 2023 (1): 31-40.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-5641.2023.01.004
    Abstract269)   HTML9)    PDF (1463KB)(224)      

    As the main component of greenhouse gases, CO2 represents an inexpensive and readily available renewable C1 synthon. In the past few decades, great efforts have been made toward the development of chemical processes that use CO2 as a promising fossil fuel alternative for C1 feedstocks for the production of industrially attractive chemicals. This could provide access to materials of commercial interest from an abundant, nontoxic, renewable, and low-cost carbon source, thus offering interesting opportunities for the chemical industry, organic synthesis, and so on. Considering the importance of chiral heterocycles in organic synthesis and drug development, the development of highly stereoselective and efficient catalytic asymmetric reactions using CO2 as a C1 synthon for these chiral heterocycles has received considerable attention. Successful examples for chiral lactones, carbonates, and carbamates have already been demonstrated. In this paper, we summarize the recent advances in this field.

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    A landscape simulation modeling method based on remote sensing images
    Zehua WANG, Yan GAO, Mingang CHEN
    Journal of East China Normal University(Natural Science)    2023, 2023 (2): 82-94.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-5641.2023.02.010
    Abstract262)   HTML11)    PDF (4124KB)(85)      

    Traditional virtual terrain modeling commonly uses a procedural generation method based on manual design, which cannot be used for competent simulation modeling tasks that need to restore real environments, such as in military applications. In this paper, we proposed a landscape simulation modeling method based on remote sensing images. The core of our proposed method is a landscape blended texture generation network (LBTG-Net); this method uses a blended texture generator (BTG) to generate landscape blended textures with the supervision of a style discriminator (SD) and multi-stage classification loss. Then, we procedurally build the complete virtual environment based on the blended texture generated by LBTG-Net. Our method has two main features: (1) accurate land-cover classification ability of remote sensing image inputs; and (2) high quality landscape blended texture outputs to guarantee virtual landscape modeling quality. We used multispectral image data from the Sentinel-2 satellite as the experimental dataset. The experimental results showed that our method offered high performance under mainstream land-cover classification evaluating indicators and can accurately reproduce the environmental distribution of input remote sensing images while completing high-quality virtual terrain simulation modeling.

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    Disinfection effect of seven frequently used disinfectants on bacteriophage MS2
    Yu LI, Zhenming GE
    Journal of East China Normal University(Natural Science)    2023, 2023 (2): 161-167.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-5641.2023.02.017
    Abstract256)   HTML12)    PDF (1485KB)(124)      

    In this study, the MS2 phages were used as an indicator microorganism to test the function of seven disinfectants with different components: hydrogen peroxide, ethanol, fermented lactic acid disinfectant, iodine disinfectant, quaternary ammonium disinfectant, chlorine-containing disinfectant, and peracetic acid disinfectant. Our results showed that the virus disinfection rate varied notably between the selected disinfectants. The iodine disinfectant exhibited the strongest disinfection effect, followed by the quaternary ammonium salt disinfectant and the peracetic acid disinfectant, while the disinfection effects of hydrogen peroxide, ethanol, and fermentation lactic acid disinfectant were inadequate. The test results provide a reference for the efficient utilization of various disinfectants to eliminate harmful microorganisms in the environment.

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    Recent advances in regioselective hydrodifluoroalkylation of alkenes
    Ying ZHANG, Ling LIAO, Xiaosi HU, Jian ZHOU, Jinsheng YU
    Journal of East China Normal University(Natural Science)    2023, 2023 (1): 1-11.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-5641.2023.01.001
    Abstract246)   HTML268)    PDF (1845KB)(129)      

    The regioselective hydrodifluoroalkylation of alkenes has been identified as a straightforward and highly atom-economical approach for synthesizing value-added difluoroalkylated molecules that have important applications in the pharmaceutical and agrochemical industries, as well as in the field of materials science. This is because olefins are structurally diverse raw materials that are inexpensive and easily obtainable from a wide range of sources. Recent years have witnessed significant progress in this field with the rapid development of visible-light catalysis and novel difluoroalkylating reagents. This article review summarizes the latest advances in the regioselective anti-Markovnikov and Markovnikov hydrodifluoroalkylation of various olefins, which provides an inspirational locale for researchers to engage. Herein, we supplement ideas for designing and developing new reactions, difluoroalkyl reagents, and catalytic strategies.

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    Time series database query optimization for anomaly detection
    Shuai ZHANG, Huiqi HU, Yaoqiang XU, Xuan ZHOU
    Journal of East China Normal University(Natural Science)    2023, 2023 (2): 119-131.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-5641.2023.02.013
    Abstract243)   HTML12)    PDF (2279KB)(104)      

    With the development of the Internet of Things, a large number of sensor devices can be connected to a network. Anomaly detection of data generated by these devices is related to the stability of system services. A time series database is a database system optimized for time series data. As an important component of a monitoring system, time series databases are responsible for storing and querying continuous streams of time series data. The current time series database, however, cannot fully utilize system computing resources and cannot meet the latency requirements when coping with queries from multiple data sources. To address these drawbacks, we redesigned the query execution model of a time series database based on the well-known InfluxDB, and we proposed InfluxDB-PP (parallel processing) as a method to address the aforementioned problems. The experimental results show that InfluxDB-PP reduces query latency by about 85.7% compared to InfluxDB for real-time anomaly data query scenarios.

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    Green synthesis of structural colored fabrics by spraying aqueous colloidal solutions
    Luyao LIU, Yuying HE, Qianqian FU, Jianping GE
    Journal of East China Normal University(Natural Science)    2023, 2023 (1): 41-49.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-5641.2023.01.005
    Abstract231)   HTML13)    PDF (3866KB)(96)      

    This study developed a one-step spraying method using an aqueous solution of SiO2 particles to prepare SiO2/PET fabrics with saturated and uniform structural colors. The color brightness and uniformity were significantly improved by optimizing the treatment temperature, pH of the colloidal solution, and by introducing a small amount of ethanol. This method would promote the applications of structural colored fabrics because using water would reduce both environmental pollution and production cost.

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    Recent progress in the construction and application of self-assembled glycomaterials
    Weitao DOU, Lin XU, Haibo YANG
    Journal of East China Normal University(Natural Science)    2023, 2023 (1): 50-59.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-5641.2023.01.006
    Abstract224)   HTML9)    PDF (2847KB)(72)      

    As essential signaling molecules in biological systems, carbohydrates are involved in several vital physiological and pathological processes via specific recognition by receptors. Hence, nanomaterials comprising carbohydrates are crucial for deciphering and regulating biological processes. A non-covalent assembly process can conveniently yield carbohydrate-based nanomaterials owing to the unique merits of simplicity and controllability of the process. This review summarizes the construction and application of glyco-based functional materials through host-guest interactions and coordination-driven self-assembly processes. Additionally, their potential challenges and future directions are highlighted with the aim of improving understanding on carbohydrate-related physiological and pathological processes.

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    Diversity of plants in Chinese Taoist temples and the distribution pattern of Taoist tree species
    Wei CHANG, Yongchuan YANG, Cheng JIN, Xinyang WANG, Li HUANG, Lihua ZHOU, Siwei HU
    Journal of East China Normal University(Natural Science)    2023, 2023 (3): 9-19.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-5641.2023.03.002
    Abstract218)   HTML230)    PDF (1768KB)(63)      

    In this study, we obtained tree species from 72 Taoist temples across China. We subsequently documented the tree species composition, distribution pattern, and impact factors in different regions to determine the role of Taoist temples in biodiversity protection. The results showed that: ① Among 72 Taoist temples sampled across China, we observed a total of 354 species of trees, belonging to 85 families and 208 genera; ② The tree species in the Taoist temples were mainly native species, and the mean value for the proportion of native species in each Taoist temple was 62.5%±19.8% (mean ± standard deviation). Most of the Taoist temples (77.8%), moreover, housed threatened tree species; ③ Taoist tree species originated largely from subtropical regions, with the Yangtze River Basin being the most represented, especially in the southwest and south-central regions where a relatively large proportion of ethnic minorities reside; ④ The main factors affecting the distribution of Taoist tree species were geography and climate, but their composition was indistinguishable within each climate zone. As the climatic zone moves northward, there is no religious tree species replacement phenomenon (i.e., replacing the original religious tree species by native tree species with similar morphology or cultural meaning). The above results indicate that Taoist temples are rich in plant resources, which are potential biodiversity treasures. Thus, they play an essential role in protecting and maintaining biodiversity, with the potential to serve as a reference for regional ecological restoration and urban green space construction.

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    Study of an Na2WO4/Mn7SiO12-SiO2 oxygen-carrier catalyst for chemical looping-oxidative coupling of methane
    Ya GAO, Weidong SUN, Guofeng ZHAO, Ye LIU, Yong LU
    Journal of East China Normal University(Natural Science)    2023, 2023 (1): 95-103.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-5641.2023.01.010
    Abstract207)   HTML9)    PDF (1059KB)(91)      

    A promising chemical looping-oxidative coupling of methane (CL-OCM) oxygen-carrier catalyst, Na2WO4/Mn7SiO12-SiO2, was obtained by adding extra Mn2O3 to Mn2O3-Na2WO4/SiO2 and in-situ activating in the reaction stream. After experiencing an induction period, the oxygen-carrier phase transformed from Mn2O3 to Mn7SiO12 in association with an improvement in C2-C3 selectivity but decreased CH4 conversion. The Na2WO4/Mn7SiO12-SiO2 oxygen-carrier catalysts could also be obtained by directly calcining the Na2WO4/Mn2O3-SiO2 precursor at 800 ℃ in air. At 750 ℃ and a CH4 residence time of 12 s, the catalyst achieved 12% (or 7%) CH4 conversion and 81.5% (or 90.0%) C2-C3 selectivity using a mCat/mCH4 weight ratio of 27 (or 13.5). Notably, only C3H6 was detected as C3 products, whose selectivity was about 5%. The CL-OCM reaction proceeded selectively through the redox cycle mode of Mn7SiO12 $ \leftrightarrow $ [MnSiO3 + MnWO4]. The lattice-oxygen mobility in Mn7SiO12 was much weaker than that in Mn2O3, which improved C2-C3 selectivity but decreased CH4 conversion. Our findings provide guidance for the exploration of more advanced catalytic oxygen-carrier catalysts toward efficient CL-OCM process.

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