Journal of East China Normal University(Natural Sc ›› 2017, Vol. ›› Issue (4): 139-148.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-5641.2017.04.012

• Ecological and Environmental Sciences • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Analysis of impact effects and changes of the coastline in the Bohai Bay during the past 40 years

SUN Bai-shun1,2, ZUO Shu-hua2,3, XIE Hua-liang2, LI Huai-yuan2, YANG Zhi-wen2   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Hydraulic Engineering Simulation and Safety, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China;
    2. Tianjin Research Institute of Water Transport Engineering, National Engineering Laboratory of Port Hydraulic Construction Technology, Key Laboratory of Engineering Sediment of Ministry of Transport, Tianjin 300456, China;
    3. State Key Laboratory of Estuarine and Coastal Research, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
  • Received:2016-09-30 Online:2017-07-25 Published:2017-07-20

Abstract: Using the method of remote sensing and geographic information system, based on 1975-2015 period of Landsat TM/ETM satellite image data, the Bohai Bay coastline changes, the bay area and coastline property changes during nearly 40 years are analyzed. The results show: ① the total length of the Bohai Bay coastline nearly 40 years increased 761 km, but the bay area has been a trend of decline;② artificial coastline proportion accounted for more than 95% of the total length to 2015; ③ main causes of shoreline length increase are human activity (reclamation and port construction), mainly concentrated in Caofeidian Port, Tianjin Port, Huanghua Port. From aspects such as hydrodynamic, sediment and natural evolution environment analyzed the change of the gulf coast and the gulf area of the influence of dynamic sedimentary environment, points out that with the increase of the development and utilization of Marine activities, the influence of human activities on the evolution of coastal zone environment are more and more obvious.

Key words: Bohai Bay, remote sensing, geographic information system, human activities, reclamation project, Tianjin Port

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