Journal of East China Normal University(Natural Sc ›› 2014, Vol. 2014 ›› Issue (4): 77-87.

• Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Structure-conductive property relationship of polypyrrole

YU Bo, XU Xue-cheng   

  1. Department of Physics, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China
  • Received:2013-09-01 Revised:2013-12-01 Online:2014-07-25 Published:2014-07-25

Abstract: Polypyrrole was synthesized by oxidative chemical polymerization. Samples presenting different conductivities were obtained by adjusting the preparing temperature. The polypyrrole samples have been investigated by means of four probe method, Solid state 13C NMR spectrum, XRD, FTIR spectroscopy, Raman spectrum and XPS, respectively. The experimental result suggested the fact that the conductivity of polypyrrole samples gradually decreases as the preparation temperature increases. The analysis indicates it is because the changing of internal structure follows the varying of external preparation conditions. The commonly structure of polypyrrole is a linear chain of monomers bonded by α-α carbons at a low preparation temperature. Through such a structure polypyrrole can form both a relatively planar configuration and a relatively planar conformation. This sort of structure provides the sample with a preferable regularity, a longer conjugated chain length and a higher conductivity. However, the ratio of α-α linkage drops as the preparation temperature increases, by which the structure of molecular is damaged, the degree of order declines. The carrier mobility of polypyrrole, as well as the conductive property, became lower.

Key words: polypyrrole, conducting polymer, structure and temperature, α-&alpha, linkage, conjugated chain length

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