Journal of East China Normal University(Natural Sc ›› 2011, Vol. 2011 ›› Issue (4): 24-34.

• Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Diversity, spatial pattern and dynamics of vegetation under urbanizationin Shanghai(Ⅷ): Distribution of native terrestrial wild plants and their applications to urban greening in Shanghai

TIAN Zhi-hui 1, CAI Bei-ming 1, DA Liang-jun 1,2   

  1. 1. Department of Environment Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China; 2. Shanghai Key Laboratory for Ecology of Urbanization Process and Eco-restoration, Shanghai 200062, China
  • Received:2010-10-01 Revised:2011-01-01 Online:2011-07-05 Published:2011-11-12

Abstract: Through consulting related data, a list of 534 native terrestrial wild plants species in Shanghai was built, which belonged to 65 families and 284 genera, and the distribution status of wild plants in different lands was investigated along a “urban-suburban-rural” gradient in Shanghai area, Sheshan mountain and Dajinshan island, expounding the diversity of terrestrial wild plants influenced by urbanization. By analyzing the families and genera compositions, areal types, life form and distribution status of species, the decisive role of the geographic location, size, habitat type and degree of urbanization for the composition of wild plants was illustrated. According to the distribution of species and adaptation to the environment, the native terrestrial wild plants in Shanghai were divided into five weeds types, such as eurytopic type, urban type, suburban type, suburb type and wild type. The significance and application of native wild plants in urban greening of Shanghai were analyzed.

Key words: native species, wild plants, diversity pattern, urban greening

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