Journal of East China Normal University(Natural Sc

Previous Articles     Next Articles

Analyzing the spatial equity of urban parks’〖KG*6〗social service functioning quantitatively: A case study for the central area of Shanghai

HU Yue[1],CAI Yong-li[1,2]   

  1. 1. School of Geographic Sciences, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China
    2. Shanghai Key Lab for Urban Ecological Process and Eco-Restoration, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China
  • Received:2015-12-18 Online:2017-01-25 Published:2017-01-13


Urban park is an important part of urban green infrastructure. From the perspective of human use, the primary function of urban parks is to provide leisure and entertainment opportunity and improve people's physical and mental health and other social services. To evaluate how well the function of social services is often related to the study of spatial equity. For analyzing the spatial equity of urban parks’ social service functioning indepth and inwidth, a new study frame optimization of accessibility models of assessing the spatial equity quantitatively is established. In this paper, the park service capability index and the spatial service equity index are set up and used in a case study of the central area of Shanghai at both the housing level and the district level. The results reveal that ① the two indexes in this study are effective to appraise the structure of urban parks and the equity of residents, and the quantitative method is feasible; ② the deviation coefficient of two indexes is more valuable than its absolute value for comparing the difference of equity between districts; ③ the method in this paper break through the limitations that traditional indicators just obtain mean level and can reflect the spatial difference on a small scale, providing clear guidance for planning and decisionmaking.

Key words: urban parks, social service function, spatial equity, quantitative analysis; GIS