Journal of East China Normal University(Natural Science) ›› 2020, Vol. 2020 ›› Issue (2): 110-119.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-5641.201931004

• Ecological and Environmental Sciences • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Interspecies associations and species-habitat associations in the evergreen broad-leaved forest of Tiantong National Forest Park, Zhejiang

YANG Qingsong, LIU Heming, ZHU Tongtong, ZHANG Shouhe, WANG Xihua   

  1. Zhejiang Tiantong Forest Ecosystem National Observation and Research Station, School of Ecological and Environmental Sciences, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China
  • Received:2019-03-22 Published:2020-03-16

Abstract: The objective of this study was to clarify the relationship between interspecies associations and species habitat preferences in Tiantong National Forest Park. A total of 109 species of 20 hm2 evergreen broad-leaved forest plots were selected and tested for interspecies associations and species-habitat associations. The results indicated that: ① the ratio of species pairs with significant associations increased with spatial scale and the ratio of negative associations was higher than positive; ② 89.9% of species were significantly correlated with at least one habitat variable, including 73.4% of species positively and 65.1% of species negatively correlated with habitats; ③ at scales larger than 20 m, the results of interspecies associations were consistent with those of species pair habitat preferences; but at smaller scales (i.e., < 5 m), most species pairs did not show significant interspecies associations, indicating there are not habitat preferences but rather other ecological processes influencing interspecies association patterns. The results provide a theoretical basis for further understanding the mechanism of species coexistence in evergreen broad-leaved forests.

Key words: interspecies association, habitat preference, point pattern, scale, wood plants, Tiantong National Forest Park

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