Journal of East China Normal University(Natural Science) ›› 2023, Vol. 2023 ›› Issue (1): 160-169.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-5641.2023.01.016

• Biomass Conversion and Chemical Recource Recycle • Previous Articles    

Comprehensive review on green synthesis of bio-based 2,5-furandicarboxylic acid

Lei ZHAO1, Zelin LI1, Bolong LI1, Shuchang BIAN2, Jianhua WANG2, Hailan ZHANG2, Chen ZHAO1,*()   

  1. 1. Shanghai Key Laboratory of Green Chemistry and Chemical Processes, School of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
    2. Jiangsu Guowang High-Tech Fiber Co. Ltd., Suzhou, Jiangsu 215228, China
  • Received:2022-06-15 Accepted:2022-09-21 Online:2023-01-25 Published:2023-01-07
  • Contact: Chen ZHAO


Bio-based 2,5-furandicarboxylic acid (FDCA) is expected to partially replace petroleum-based terephthalic acid (PTA) for the synthesis of high-performance polymer materials. This review article summarizes the latest achievements on the various synthesis routes of FDCA from 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF), furoic acid, furan, diglycolic acid, hexaric acid, 2,5-dimethylfuran, and 2-methylfuran. In particular, the direct oxidation, heterogeneous thermal catalytic oxidation, photoelectric catalytic oxidation of HMF and furoic acid carboxylation, disproportionation, carbonylation, and other routes to synthesize FDCA are reviewed in detail. Based on the comparative analysis of the advantages and disadvantages of each route, the HMF route and the furoic acid route are considered the most promising candidates for the large-scale production of FDCA. Further exploration and future research should be carried out to improve the catalytic production and separation efficiency of FDCA, simplify the reaction process, and reduce production wastes.

Key words: 2,5-furandicarboxylic acid, biomass, 5-hydroxymethylfurfural, furoic acid, green synthesis

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