Journal of East China Normal University(Natural Sc ›› 2012, Vol. 2012 ›› Issue (5): 24-30.

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Electrical conductivity properties of modified polyacrylonitrile/MWNTs composites

ZHANG Jian, XU Xue-cheng   

  1. Department of Physics, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China
  • Received:2011-11-01 Revised:2012-02-01 Online:2012-09-25 Published:2012-09-29

Abstract: The PAN was synthesised by solution polymerization, modified by heat-treatment and then blended with carbon nanotube to obtain the composites. The electrical conductivity of the composites increased by two orders of magnitude more than that unmodified. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Raman spectra and X-ray spectroscopy (XPS) were used to characterize the composites. The results showed that some nitrile were changed into imino, and the chain-like structure also transformed to the cyclic structure after heat-treatment. The strong π-π system was formed between π-electrons of MWNTs and the modified PAN. The interaction between the modified polyacrylonitrile and carbon nanotubes was greatly enhanced. The electrical conductivity was highly improved.

Key words: MWNTs, polyacrylonitrile, heat-treatment modification, electrical conductivity

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