Journal of East China Normal University(Natural Science) ›› 2021, Vol. 2021 ›› Issue (4): 8-16.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-5641.2021.04.002

• Water Pollution Control and Treatment • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Comprehensive evaluation of engineering applications for multi-pond constructed wetlands in Erhai Lake Basin

Dan LI1,2(), Binghui ZHENG1,2, Zhaosheng CHU2, Xing WANG2, Minsheng HUANG1,*()   

  1. 1. School of Ecological and Environmental Sciences, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China
    2. National Engineering Laboratory for Lake Pollution Control and Ecological Restoration, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Science, Beijing 100012, China
  • Received:2021-01-06 Online:2021-07-25 Published:2021-07-23
  • Contact: Minsheng HUANG;


In this study, the rank evaluation method was used to comprehensively assess engineering applications for integrated multi-pond constructed wetlands (MPCWs) using a multi-dimensional evaluation system. We used pollutant purification performance, sewage storage capacity, vegetation ecological restoration, and economic investment as indicators for the evaluation. The results showed that the application of large-scale integrated MPCWs for controlling non-point source pollution was helpful for intercepting pollutants. Accumulated and purified reclaimed water was available for nearby rural agricultural water use. The implementation of MPCWs can result in water savings, pollution reduction, water resource allocation, and sewage reuse. The inclusion of vegetation within MPCWs was beneficial for ecological vegetation restoration and sewage purification. Given the economic investment requirement for MPCWs and the high potential security risks of deep-water MPCWs, we proposed application suggestions for different groups of MPCWs based on functional requirements. Shallow free water surface flow constructed wetlands could be used in populous areas with small volumes of highly polluted water, and eco-floating treatment wetlands could be used in sparsely populated areas with large volumes of highly polluted water. The scientific application of different groups of MPCWs also requires consideration of other factors, such as local special land resource endowments, pollution source structures, and the allocation of rural agricultural water resources.

Key words: multiple-pond constructed wetlands, rank evaluation, multiple functions, engineering application

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