Journal of East China Normal University(Natural Science) ›› 2023, Vol. 2023 ›› Issue (3): 1-8.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-5641.2023.03.001

• Ecological and Environmental Sciences •    

A scheme of vegetation classification system at city scale and its application in Shanghai

Liangjun DA1,2,3,4(), Zhiwen GAO1,2, Yongchuan YANG5, Kun SONG1,2,3,4, Xueyan GUO6, Hong LIANG7, Tiyuan XIA8, Huafeng WANG9, Ting ZHOU10, Daigui ZHANG11, Zhihui TIAN12, Yuandong HU13, Bo JIA1,2   

  1. 1. Shanghai Key Lab for Urban Ecological Processes and Eco-Restoration, School of Ecological and Environmental Sciences, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China
    2. Zhejiang Tiantong National Forest Ecosystem Observation and Research Station, East ChinaNormal University, Ningbo, Zhejiang 315114, China
    3. Institute of Eco-Chongming, Shanghai 202162, China
    4. Technology Innovation Center for Land Spatial Eco-restoration in Metropolitan Area, Ministry of Natural Resources, Shanghai 200062, China
    5. Key Laboratory of the Three Gorges Reservoir Region’s Eco-Environment (Ministry of Education), Chongqing University, Chongqing 400045, China
    6. Academy of Forensic Science, Shanghai 200063, China
    7. College of Landscape Architecture and Forestry, Qingdao Agricultural University, Qingdao, Shandong 266109, China
    8. College of Agricultural and Life Sciences, Kunming University, Kunming 650241, China
    9. Sanya Nanfan Research Institute, Hainan University, Sanya, Hainan 572024, China
    10. National Park and Natural Education Research Institution, School of Life Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
    11. College of Biology and Environmental Sciences, Jishou University, Jishou, Hunan 416000, China
    12. Eco-Environmental Protection Research Institute, Shanghai Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Shanghai 201403, China
    13. School of Landscape Architecture, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin 150040, China
  • Received:2022-05-12 Accepted:2022-08-18 Online:2023-05-25 Published:2023-05-25


The development of city-scale vegetation maps is helpful for vegetation management and conservation. Vegetation classification systems in China mainly consider natural vegetation and most classification systems operate at the national or provincial scale, making them unsuitable for city-scale classification. Until now, the lack of a classification system designed specifically for urban vegetation has limited the studies on urban vegetation. Based on the origin, disturbance, and function, our classification system divides urban vegetation into natural, secondary, and cultivated vegetations. Based on the function, cultivated vegetation is further divided into artificial forest land, landscape green land , and urban agricultural vegetations. Based on the Classification System of China’s Vegetation in 1980 and the three newly proposed preliminary guideline documents for classification of natural vegetation, we establish a new urban vegetation classification system. We applied the principles of this new urban system in Shanghai and other areas in China, to further refine the system and ensure it has both academic and practical values. This work provides the theoretical basis for compiling information about urban vegetation and provides technical support for the recognition, protection, construction, and management of urban vegetation.

Key words: urban vegetation, secondary vegetation, substitutive vegetation, vegetation classification

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