Journal of East China Normal University(Natural Sc ›› 2011, Vol. 2011 ›› Issue (4): 124-133.

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Community structure and biodiversity of birds in Tuohu Nature Reserve, Anhui Province

BAO Fang-yin 1, WANG Song 1, ZHANG Tao 2, WANG Bang-zheng 2, CUI Feng 1   

  1. 1. College of Life Science, Anhui Science and Technology University, Fengyang Anhui 233100, China; 2. College of Life Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China
  • Received:2010-09-01 Revised:2010-12-01 Online:2011-07-05 Published:2011-11-12

Abstract: During April 2008 to May 2009, a sysmetic bird community survey was conducted in Tuohu Nature Reserve, Anhui Province, China. A total of 69 species belonging to 13 orders 33 families were recorded, of which 42 species belong to Palaeartic birds (62.0%), and 6 species to Oriental (8.5%). The species of Paleartic are dominant, and in terms of migration 12 species (16.9%) are residents, while 57 species (83.1%) are migratory birds,of which 2 species are in the national grade-one protection list, 6 species in the national grade-two protection list ,and 31 species in Anhui provincial protection list. The bird species diversity shows clear seasonal variation. The management of the protection of the birds, as well as local resources, is also discussed in this paper. Bird diversity index varies with seasons and the living environment. The data shows that diversity index of the habitat of mire is the maximum (1.368 1), and next to it is the habitat of forest (1.258 6), farmland (0.805 9) and water body (0.739 0). However, the habitat of residential area is the minimum (0.642 0). The evenness index of water habitat (0.380 0) is the maximum, and next to it is that of the mire (0.376 1), forest (0.360 0) and farmland (0.314 2). After all, the index of residential area is the minimum (0.267 7). In Huaihe River Basin, Tuohu Lake survives the winter and thus serves as an important route in the migration for the multitudinous waterfowls on the way, and the function of this basin wetland waterfowl protection. The results indicate that the water birds are facing the threats from the environmental degradation and human activity in the area.

Key words: Tuohu Nature Reserve, bird, community structure, biodiversity

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