Journal of East China Normal University(Natural Science) ›› 2023, Vol. 2023 ›› Issue (3): 158-166.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-5641.2023.03.015

• Estuary and Coastal Research • Previous Articles    

Impact of coastal ecological restoration project on bird diversity and community dynamics

Kun HE1(), Ziyu ZHANG1, Annan SONG1, Qifan SHEN1, Jiayi WANG1, Xuechu CHEN2,3,*()   

  1. 1. School of Ecological Technology and Engineering, Shanghai Institute of Technology, Shanghai 201418, China
    2. School of Ecological and Environmental Sciences, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China
    3. Technology Innovation Center for Land Spatial Eco-restoration in Metropolitan Area, Ministry of Natural Resources, Shanghai 200062, China
  • Received:2022-05-17 Accepted:2022-08-24 Online:2023-05-25 Published:2023-05-25
  • Contact: Xuechu CHEN;


Yingwuzhou Wetland is an artificially restored coastal salt marsh wetland aimed at improving ecosystem services. Development of the wetland has restored the original damaged coastal ecosystem through comprehensive coastline ecological engineering measures. The birds in the study site have been investigated and researched using the route survey method since 2018, and changes in the bird population and species diversity have been analyzed to evaluate the effectiveness of coastal zone ecological restoration projects and the impact of different wetland habitat types on bird diversity. The results showed that 67 bird species were recorded in the wetland, belonging to 13 orders and 32 families, with the largest number of birds belonging to Passeriformes, including 42 species belonging to 18 families. There were 35 species of resident birds, 24 species of winter migratory birds, 10 species of summer migratory birds, and 8 species of migratory birds. Among these, one species of national class I and seven species of class II are in the List of Key Protected Wild Animals in China, respectively. Remiz consobrinus, Gallinula chloropus, Acridotheres cristatellus, Tachybaptus ruficollis, Spodiopsar cineraceus, Hirundo rustica, and Passer montanus were the dominant species. The number of wetland bird species increased annually. There were significant differences in the bird species, quantity, and Shannon–Wiener indexes among different seasons. The declining trends of bird species, quantity, and Shannon–Wiener index were in the orders of fall > winter > spring > summer, fall > winter > summer > spring, and fall > spring > winter > summer, respectively. The bird numbers and species were the highest in the natural wetland complex area. Declining trends of the Shannon–Wiener index in different habitat areas were observed for the natural wetland complex area, salt marsh wetland restoration area, clear water conservation area, lawn activity area, and wetland purification exhibition area. The ecological restoration of the coastline has enriched the bird diversity of the wetland. Habitats with rich patch types and high patch mosaic have a markedly positive impact on bird diversity. The results of this study can provide a scientific basis for the coastal ecological restoration and sustainable development of coastline wetlands.

Key words: bird diversity, Yingwuzhou Wetland, habitat, season, ecological restoration, coastline

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